The Goal Achievement of Federal Lending Programs

  • Matthias Raith
  • Thorsten Staak
  • Christoph Starke
Schlagworte: Federal lending structures, subsidiarity principle, gap-lender principle, SBA, KfW, JEL: G28, H23, D62


Governmental intervention in credit markets typically involves the allocation of credit in the light of market failures. In this paper we evaluate federal lending programs while presuming positive externalities and symmetrically informed market participants. For common objectives of governmental lending institutions we verify that optimal lending structures require the application of the gap lender principle. We also show that lending programs can never be selffinancing, due to the positive subsidy margin. Within this general framework, we contrast the policies of the US SBA and the German KfW and show that neither institution features an optimal lending structure.